留学生mg娱乐场栏目提供最新留学生mg娱乐场格式、留学生mg娱乐场硕士论文范文。详情咨询QQ:4006227154

在WIPO大会交付的演讲

论文编号:lw201605131353536589 所属栏目:留学生mg娱乐场 发布日期:2018年10月12日 论文编辑:mg娱乐场www4355com_mg4355娱乐电子游戏【线路检测】
大家下午好。由我来代表海伦。今天我的话题是WIPO是否应该在未来十年关注发展和人权的问题。
为了履行《经济、社会、学问权利国际公约》规定的义务,我国政府已采取措施发展教育和基本医疗服务。大家也在逐步减少农业税。通过这些措施,大家希翼促进和保护我国公民的基本人权,如生命和健康权、食物权和受教育权。此外,大家要促进社会和经济发展。近十年来,我国基础教育、基本医疗保险、食品安全等方面取得了长足的进步。但事实是,许多严重的问题依然存在。大家不能自己解决这些问题。
在教育方面,虽然初等教育是义务的,对所有人都是免费的,但是许多孩子仍然因为买不起教科书而辍学。一本牛津词典,对于发达国家的儿童来说并不是什么特别的东西,对大家的孩子来说是一种令人垂涎的豪侈品。大学教材更贵,迫使许多年轻人放弃了上大学的机会。
Good afternoon, everyone. I represent Helicon. Today my topic is whether the WIPO should focus on the issues of development and human rights over the next decade.
In order to fulfill its obligations under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESC), our government has taken measures to develop education and basic medical services. We are also gradually reducing agricultural taxes. Through these measures, we hope to promote and protect the fundamental human rights of our citizens, such as the right to life and health, the right to food, and the right to education. Furthermore, we want to foster social and economic development. In the last ten years we have made a great deal of progress on primary education, basic medical insurance and food security. But the hard truth is, many serious problems remain. And we cannot solve these problems by ourselves.
In terms of education, although primary education is compulsory and free to all, many children still drop out of school because they cannot afford the textbooks. An Oxford Dictionary,which is nothing special for children in developed countries, is for our children a coveted luxury. College textbooks are even more expensive, forcing many young people to forego the opportunity to attend college. 
The high price of textbooks and reference books seems to be caused by the high standard of global copyright protection. As Shaver & Sganga state, “the dominant model of selling access to cultural works for a standard fee—enabled by global copyright enforcement— creates significant barriers to cultural participation in developing countries. Empirical evidence suggests that rights holders not only fail to discount cultural goods for sale in developing countries, but that prices are frequently higher in such countries than in the US.”  Meanwhile, technical protection measures prevent our students from benefitting from copyright exceptions, making it extremely difficult for them to access world advanced culture and leading technology.
The preamble to the WHO Constitution declares: “The   enjoyment   of   the   highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition.”  Due to the use of compulsory licensing of pharmaceuticals, our government is able to control epidemics. When it comes to non-communicable diseases, however, there are still many serious problems. In some rural area, endemic diseases caused by harsh natural environment are very common among the local inhabitants. There are almost no effective drugs. As Duffield states, “Relatively little is spent on diseases that disproportionately affect the poor, such as malaria and tuberculosis, and public and non-profit sector research efforts are insufficient to make up for the lack of interest in neglected diseases…And the World Health Organization has estimated that only 4.3 per cent of pharmaceutical research and development expenditure is aimed at those health problems mainly concerning low and middle income countries.” 
For those patients suffering from serious diseases that can be cured or alleviated by medicines, the outlook is equally pessimistic. These life-saving medicines are patented, and produced by developed countries. Because of strict patent enforcement, obtaining these medicines at affordable prices is becoming increasingly difficult. One can imagine how depressed people will become if they cannot afford the medicine which could save their parents or children.
Let us turn to another weighty subject.
相关标签:WIPO义务教育人权
XML 地图 | Sitemap 地图